Where is the sea of tranquility?
What is the Sea of Tranquility and where is it located?
The Sea of Tranquility is a lunar plain located on the visible side of the Moon, north of the lunar equator. It is so named because of its relative flatness, although the Moon’s surface is actually very irregular. It is also known to be the landing site of NASA’s Apollo 11 mission in 1969.
How big is the Sea of Tranquility?
The Sea of Tranquility is about 440,000 square kilometers in size, making it one of the largest plains on the Moon. It extends about 600 kilometers from east to west and 500 kilometers from north to south.
What are the main craters and geological features of the Sea of Tranquility?
The main craters of the Tranquility Sea are Moltke Crater in the northwest, Plinius Crater in the east, and Maskelyne Crater in the southwest. The plain also contains many other smaller craters and faults, as well as ridges and mountain ranges. The area is also marked by basalt deposits that formed about 3.5 billion years ago.
What are the temperatures and atmospheric conditions in the Sea of Tranquility?
The surface temperature of the Tranquility Sea varies considerably, from over 120 degrees Celsius during the day to about -170 degrees Celsius at night. Due to the absence of an atmosphere on the Moon, there are no significant variations in atmospheric pressure. However, radiation conditions are extreme, with high levels of solar and cosmic radiation that can affect the survival of electronic equipment.
Why is the Sea of Tranquility considered important for lunar exploration?
The Sea of Tranquility is considered important for lunar exploration because it is relatively flat and open, making it easier to land and travel on the lunar surface. In addition, its location relatively close to the lunar equator allows easy access to much of the lunar surface. Finally, its historical significance as the landing site for the Apollo 11 mission makes it an important location for scientific research on the Moon and future exploration.
When did the Apollo 11 mission land on the Sea of Tranquility?
The Apollo 11 mission landed on the Sea of Tranquility on July 20, 1969. Astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin walked on the surface of the Moon for over two hours, collecting samples and conducting scientific experiments.
Have other space missions landed on the Sea of Tranquility?
Yes, several other space missions have landed on the Sea of Tranquility. The Soviet Luna 21 mission landed on the plain in 1973, deploying a small rover that explored the surface of the Tranquility Sea.