How many prints compose the series Thirty-six views of Mount Fuji made by Hokusai?
What is the series of Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji by Katsushika Hokusai?
The Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji is a famous collection of Japanese prints created by the Japanese printmaker Katsushika Hokusai during the Edo period. One of the most famous prints in this series is the Great Wave off the coast of Kanagawa, which has become an icon of Japanese art around the world.
The Mount Fuji prints were produced between 1830 and 1832, a period of great artistic excitement in Japan. Hokusai created these works as part of a series of views of Mount Fuji, considered a symbol of Japanese culture. The Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji depict different perspectives of the famous volcano and were created using a technique called woodblock printing, which involves carving designs onto a block of wood before printing them onto a sheet of paper.
The aesthetics of Japanese prints had a great influence on Western artists, especially French Impressionists such as Claude Monet and Edgar Degas, who collected Japanese prints and incorporated elements of them into their own works. The popularity of Japanese prints in Western art has been called Japonism.
The Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji collection shows Japanese landscapes through the eyes of Hokusai, and the images are imbued with a poetry characteristic of Japanese art. The prints often feature motifs such as temples, shrines, courtesans or samurai, as well as landscapes of everyday life in Japan.
The Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji were appreciated by collectors from the early 19th century, particularly in Europe and the United States. The prints were widely reproduced and influenced many contemporary artists, including Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin and Claude Debussy. Today, the Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji are considered a jewel of Japanese art and are held in renowned collections such as the Musée Guimet in Paris, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, and the Bibliothèque Nationale de France. The images are both ephemeral and timeless, reflecting 19th century Japanese culture and Hokusai’s poetic vision of the floating world.
Who is Katsushika Hokusai?
Katsushika Hokusai is one of the most famous and influential artists in the history of Japanese art. He is best known for his ukiyo-e prints, which depict the everyday life and landscapes of Edo period Japan. Hokusai is considered a master of composition and printing technique, as well as his ability to capture the beauty of nature.