What is the capital of Colombia?
Bogotá is the capital and largest city of Colombia, located in the Andes Mountains, in the department of Cundinamarca. It has 8.7 million inhabitants in 2013 and is the third highest capital in the world, after La Paz and Quito, with an altitude of 2,640 meters. Bogotá has an area of 163,635 hectares of land, of which 37,972 hectares are urban, 122,687 hectares are rural and 2,974 hectares are for expansion.
The city is a center of education, health, banking and industry, with important sectors such as tires, chemicals and pharmaceuticals. The city is a mix of historical and modern culture and is a destination for history, culture, business, gastronomy and entertainment.
Bogota was founded in August 1538 by the Spanish conquistador Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada and became the capital of the Republic of Colombia after its dissolution in 1830.