What is the capital of Guatemala?
The capital of Guatemala is Guatemala City, also known as Ciudad de Guatemala in Spanish. It is the most populous city in the country and the economic, political and cultural center of Guatemala.
The city is located in the Motagua River Valley, surrounded by mountains and volcanoes, in the mountainous region of the country. It is surrounded by two mountain ranges, the Sierra Madre and the Sierra de las Minas, which offer spectacular panoramic views of the city and its surroundings.
Guatemala City’s history dates back to pre-Columbian times, when the area was inhabited by the Maya. The Spanish founded the city in 1776 on the ruins of the ancient Mayan city of Kaminaljuyu. During the colonial period, Guatemala City became the capital of the General Captaincy of Guatemala, which included Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. After independence from Spain in 1821, Guatemala City became the capital of the Republic of Guatemala.
Today, Guatemala City is a modern and dynamic city with over 3 million inhabitants. It is home to museums, theaters, restaurants, shopping centers and parks. The city is also the seat of the Guatemalan government and hosts many embassies and international organizations.
In conclusion, Guatemala City is an important and dynamic city in Guatemala, with a rich history and spectacular geography. It is an economic, political and cultural center of the country, as well as a destination for visitors from around the world.