In which country is the city of Marrakesh located?

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Marrakesh, nicknamed the Red City, is one of Morocco’s jewels, nestling at the foot of the Atlas Mountains. The country’s fourth-largest city and one of the four imperial cities, it is a melting pot of history, culture and natural beauty.

Wondering what country Marrakesh is in? How does this city illustrate the Moroccan identity, between tradition and modernity, Eastern and Western influences, sea and desert?

In this article, dive into the world of Marrakesh and explore Morocco, a land of contrasts. Discover how Moroccan geography, history and culture are reflected in the narrow streets of the medina, the expanses of the palm grove, the slopes of the Ourika valley, and much more.

Where is Marrakesh?

Located in central Morocco, Marrakesh is an integral part of the Maghreb region of North Africa, sharing borders with Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Mauritania. The country is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Algeria to the east and the Western Sahara to the south.

Geographical coordinates

The city occupies coordinates 31°38′02″ North and 7°59′59″ West, rising to 457 meters above sea level. Marrakesh enjoys a privileged location at the foot of the Atlas Mountains, an imposing mountain range that crosses Morocco for over 2,000 kilometers, from southwest to northeast.

Close to other major cities

Morocco’s fourth-largest city, Marrakesh is 240 kilometers from Casablanca, the country’s main economic center. The political capital, Rabat, lies 327 kilometers to the northwest, while Fez, renowned for its cultural importance, is 387 kilometers to the northeast. Marrakesh is also well connected to other major cities such as Agadir, Essaouira, Ouarzazate, Meknes and Tangier, thanks to an extensive road and motorway network.

Marrakesh: Morocco’s emblematic city

Marrakesh, the emblematic city of Morocco, illustrates the diversity and richness of this North African country. Renowned for its varied landscapes, profound cultural heritage and linguistic and religious mosaic, Morocco is a multi-faceted country. But how does Marrakesh fit into Morocco’s history and geography?

Let’s take a look at Marrakesh’s prominent role in Morocco’s history, its integration into the country’s territorial organization and its contribution to regional dynamism.


With a surface area of 710,850 km² and a population of nearly 37 million, Morocco is a major player on the international stage. Officially French- and Arabic-speaking, it is also home to languages such as Berber and Spanish, among others. Mostly Muslim, the country is a crossroads of cultures, with Christian and Jewish minorities.

A constitutional monarchy ruled by King Mohammed VI since 1999, Morocco plays an active role in a number of international organizations, reflecting its commitment to the world stage.

The country boasts a rich culture, a precious historical heritage and a dynamic arts scene, reflecting its unique position at the intersection of diverse influences.

The role and importance of Marrakesh in Morocco’s history

Founded in 1062, Marrakesh was the heart of a vast empire under the Almoravids. Over time, under different dynasties, the city experienced periods of prosperity and decline, leaving behind a rich historical and cultural heritage.

This thousand-year-old city has given birth to eminent personalities and been at the center of events that have shaped Morocco’s history, testifying to its undeniable importance in the country’s cultural, political and social development.

Morocco’s administrative regions and Marrakesh’s positioning

Divided into 12 regions, Morocco organizes its territory around administrative centers managed by regional councils. Marrakesh, capital of the Marrakesh-Safi region, occupies a central position both geographically and economically, with around 4.6 million inhabitants and an area of 95,127 km².

Bordering on several other regions, the Marrakesh-Safi region is geographically diverse and offers numerous economic, tourist, cultural and environmental opportunities, underlining Marrakesh’s strategic importance for the overall development of the region and the nation.

Marrakesh: cultural and historical influences

Marrakesh is a city that reflects the diversity of Morocco, bearing witness to a variety of cultural and historical influences. The city was built on the richness of its Berber roots, at the crossroads of Arab, African and Mediterranean cultures, and on the repercussions of trade and conquest through the ages.

How do these influences manifest themselves today in the city nicknamed the Red Pearl? What traces of its rich heritage remain?

Marrakesh’s Berber roots

Founded by the Almoravids, a Berber dynasty, in the 11th century, Marrakesh bears the living imprint of the Berbers, Morocco’s first inhabitants. Their culture, based on nomadism, agriculture, trade and resistance, is palpable in the city’s language, music, crafts, gastronomy and traditions.

Berber craftsmanship is evident in carpets, pottery, jewelry and tattoos, while music, particularly the Gnaoua style, which blends African and Arab influences, captivates the ear. Their cuisine, rich in local products such as dates, honey and spices, invites gustatory discovery. Traditional festivities, such as the Ourika Valley engagement moussem, offer a glimpse into their communal way of life.

Blending cultures: arab, african and mediterranean

Cosmopolitan, Marrakesh has absorbed and forged the cultural influences of its eventful history. Arabization and Islamization have left their mark on architecture, art, religion and literature. Mosques, palaces and medersas reveal a refined art of living and deep spirituality, while the call to prayer punctuates the city.

African culture, with its music, dance and rituals, enlivens the squares and alleyways, notably Jamaâ El Fna, with its street performers. The Mediterranean, meanwhile, is savored in a rich and varied cuisine, like a bridge between peoples and traditions. The Medina and Ville Nouvelle illustrate the contrast between historical heritage and openness to modernity.

The impact of trade and historical conquests on Marrakesh

Both enriched and tested by trade and conquest, Marrakesh bears witness to a vibrant past. An essential commercial crossroads, it has exchanged products, techniques and cultures, becoming a unique meeting place. The souks and caravanserais reveal this economic and social wealth.

The seat of powerful dynasties, Marrakesh has also been the scene of major conflicts. The city bears the scars of these episodes, but also the symbols of peace and international cooperation. Its ramparts, palaces and gardens tell the story of centuries of political and military history, making Marrakesh a city that is both ancient and resolutely alive.

We explored the question: where is Marrakesh? The answer leads us to Morocco, the pearl of North Africa, characterized by an incredible geographical, cultural, linguistic and religious variety. Marrakesh is a key city in the history of Morocco and North Africa, enriched by its Berber origins and the blending of Arab, African and Mediterranean cultures, as well as the influences of trade and conquest over the centuries.

The city embodies Moroccan diversity and abundance through its built heritage, artistic expressions and culture. Marrakesh is a center of economic and tourism opportunities, offering a unique cultural and environmental experience.



In which country is the city of Marrakesh located?


Marrakesh, nicknamed the Red City for its ochre buildings, is located in central Morocco, at the foot of the Atlas Mountains.