What is the capital of Iraq?
Baghdad is the capital of Iraq and the province of Baghdad, located in the central-eastern part of the country and crossed by the Tigris River . The city is considered the industrial center of the country and a crossroads of air, road and rail communications. It is home to oil refineries, agricultural crops, tanneries and other textile industries, and produces clothing, household utensils, jewelry, leather and felt goods, and carpets that are sold in the souks (Arab markets).
The province of Baghdad also includes neighboring cities such as Al-Mahmûdiya and Abû Ghrayb. It is the most developed and well-equipped region in Iraq, but it is also one of the most heavily guarded areas, with every day bringing its share of attacks and deaths.
Baghdad was once a populous and wealthy city, located at the crossroads of many trade routes. Indeed, it was the capital of the Abbasid caliphate (750 – 1258) and was considered a major cultural center of medieval Islam. However, since 1980, three successive wars have taken their toll on the city’s economy.
Baghdad is also considered one of the main centers of literary creation in the region and is renowned for its initiatives for tolerance, understanding and peace. It was designated the Arab Capital of Culture in 2013.