What is the capital of Syria?
Damascus is the capital of Syria, located in the southwest of the country and crossed by the Barada River. Founded over 4000 years ago, it is one of the oldest cities in the world and has a long cultural, religious and economic history.
The city is known for its ancient architecture, especially the old walled city, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. Damascus is also home to many historical and religious museums and monuments, such as the Umayyad Mosque, the largest and oldest Islamic monument in the world, as well as the city’s traditional market, the Al-Hamidiyah Souk, which is one of the largest and oldest souks in the Middle East.
In addition, Damascus is an important economic and commercial center for Syria, with a strong presence of the textile and handicraft industry. However, the city was affected by the conflict that began in Syria in 2011, which caused significant damage to the city and its population.